HIGH-VOLTAGE ACCELERATORS FOR NUCLEAR PHYSICS
Accelerators based on the high-voltage generators are one of the main tools of experimental nuclear physics. Efremov Institute develops and manufactures such equipment since 1953. Developing of high-voltage accelerators was initiated by the leading Institutes of Physics in the country, which became their first customers.
The major advantages of this class of accelerators:
- relatively low cost,
- a short period of manufacture,
- suitability for precision in the physical experiments,
- the possibility of obtaining the accelerated ions of almost any element.
Using a wide range of parameters of accelerators in the FEI, IFE, JINR, VNIIEF studies were performed that allowed to solve a number of key national economic goals, including:
- physical substantiation of the fast neutron reactors concept and the provision of the nuclear data for a project work;
- Research Complex of the neutrons interactions with the nuclei for the engineering development of nuclear technology;
- Experimental study and development of ideas about the fundamental laws of nuclear interactions at low and medium energy;
- creating models of the mechanisms of equilibrium and nonequilibrium nuclear reactions, the study of the structure of the barrier, static and dynamic aspects of nuclear fission;
- The development and application of precision methods of surface nuclear microanalysis of nuclear power plants’ parts; and creation of the Russian Bank & Center for Nuclear Data.
Accelerator EG-2, 5 of the protons energy of 2.5 MeV was delivered in 1957 in Egypt, and charge-exchange accelerator EGP-10 of the energy of 10 MeV protons in the GDR and Finland. UKP-2-1 accelerator, which allows accelerating heavy ions up to energy level of 4-5 MeV was delivered in the USSR Academy of Kazakhstan in 1986.
|Charge-exchange accelerator for heavy ions UKP-2-1|